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Dynamically Update BIOS on Think Products with SCCM

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NOTE: What follows is a brief look at what is possible and not necessarily recommended for everyone.  Hopefully someone finds it useful.


Earlier at MMS this year, a fantastic session on modern driver management in OS deployments was presented by Kim Oppalfens and Tom Degreef.  This method and what it entails can be found here.

I was inspired by their session and wanted to see if this could work with Lenovo's BIOS updates in a similar manner.  The workflow is basically the same, with the key piece being the overridable task sequence variable in the Download Package Content step called OSDDownloadDownloadPackages.


Here's the layout of the Task Sequence:


Creating the Package(s):BIOS(s) You'll need to download the latest BIOS for your model from Lenovo's support site and extract the contents to a source directory.  Here's the folder structure I use in my lab:
<Share>\OSD\BIOS\<first 4 characters of BIOS>\<version>
Example:
<Share>\OSD\BIOS\R06E\1.27
Th…

Return codes for WINUPTP

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For Lenovo ThinkPad computers the standard utility to perform a BIOS update is WINUPTP.exe (or WINUPTP64.exe). This utility can be called with a -s parameter to stage a BIOS update silently that will complete when the system is restarted - presumably by your task sequence.


To date, the possible return codes from this utility were not readily available. This post is meant to correct that. Below is a table of possible return codes from WINUPTP.exe:



Return CodeValueDescriptionRET_SUCC_REBOOTING0BIOS update is successful and system will reboot. (normal update)RET_SUCC_NOTREBOOTING1BIOS update is successful and system does not reboot. (silent update)RET_UNDEFINED-1WINUPTP Option is undefined.RET_FAIL_DRIVER_LOAD-2Driver(tpflhlp.sys) failed to load.RET_FAIL_UNSUPPORTEDSYSTEM-3This utility does not support this system or OS.RET_FAIL_NEEDADMINRIGHTS-4This utility requires Administrator privileges to run.RET_FAIL_NOBIOSIMAGEFORSYSTEM-5BIOS image file does not match this system.RET_FAIL_BADECIMA…

How to make the F11 key work in your custom Windows 10 image using SCCM

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This post is expanding on someotherguy's KB article on how to make the F11 functionality work again if you're deploying a custom Windows 10 image in your environment. As of this post, SCCM Current Branch 1702 will be covered. (Note: This is only applicable to Windows 10 configured in UEFI mode)

With Think products, pressing the F11 key at boot will launch the recovery utilities. This is available if the system's operating system is preloaded from Lenovo. However, most large enterprise customers re-image the systems with a custom image. Once this happens, F11 will no longer work.

As mentioned in someotherguy's KB, an .efi file must be added to the boot folder in the System partition.

Here are the steps to accomplish this:

1. Download the LenovoBT.zip file. Extract the contents to a source directory on your site server.

2. In your console, create a new Package that will contain the .efi file. Do not create a program.




Distribute the Package to your Distribution Points

3. Edi…

DriverGrabber

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Introduction to DriverGrabberDriverGrabber is a "no install" utility that is aimed at simplifying the task of finding drivers and utilities for Lenovo PC products which an administrator needs to package for delivery through their software deployment solution.  By specifying a Machine Type and an operating system you get a list of available updates which can be selected for downloading. This takes much less time than navigating through the Lenovo support web site.

Beyond just automating the downloading and extracting of packages, DriverGrabber also shows details such as Version, Release date, Extract command, and Silent Install command.  There is even an option to get MD5, SHA-1 and SHA-2 hash values to help verify complete downloads. 
Packages can be selected by clicking the row header.  Hold the Ctrl key down to select multiple packages.  At the bottom of the window specify a download location and then choose to download only or download and extract.  A .CSV file with details…

Using ThinInstaller on Isolated Networks

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Lenovo's ThinInstaller utilizes 2 Certificates to verify the signatures of packages during deployment. Currently the client machine must have an active internet connection in order to access the certificate necessary for that verification. If the client machines do not have an active internet connection then the certificates need to be installed into the appropriate local certificate store of the client machines prior to running ThinInstaller.

If ThinInstaller cannot verify the signatures of certain packages, you will see errors in the logs that contain "Signature Verification Failed".

This is useful if your deployments are done on a closed network environment, lab or closed deployment subnet etc.

This document will outline how to download the certificates and deploy them to your client machines during your OSD deployments as a task sequence step using MDT and SCCM.

The certificates are available currently as a downloadable zip file here.

The zip file should contain 3 f…

New Enclosure Types For "Convertible" Laptops

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When is a laptop not a laptop?When it's a 2-in-1 convertible device or tablet with attached keyboard.  To this end you may now encounter devices whose Chassis Type is changed from "Notebook" to "Convertible" after a BIOS update.  This change is being driven by the SMBIOS 3.0 Specification which is an industry standard.
So why do we care?  In many cases enterprise admins tasked with deploying new PCs will make a distinction between a Laptop and a Desktop and apply different policies or software accordingly. For a laptop, the Win32_SystemEnclosure class might show a value of 9 (Laptop) or 10 (Notebook) for the ChassisTypes field. If these are the only values used with a WMI query to identify a laptop then you may miss some devices.
With the new SMBIOS 3.0 Specification you would want to add the following: 30 - Tablet31 - Convertible32 - Detachable For example, the new ThinkPad Yoga 370 will have a value of 31 since it can convert from a Notebook form factor to a Tab…

Preparing the TPM for BitLocker Pre-Provisioning in Windows 10 for Think products using SCCM

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We have received several inquiries from customers who are moving to Windows 10 that are trying to leverage BitLocker and pre-provisioning during OSD.  Pre-provisioning the disk will encrypt only used space, so when this step executes, the drive will be encrypted before the operating system has been laid down to the client, saving a ton of time.

The catch here is that in order for pre-provisioning to work, a TPM has to be present on the system AND enabled, as stated in the Pre-provision BitLocker step.



With that being said, all Lenovo ThinkPad's are shipped from the factory with the TPM enabled but NOT Active.  If the system runs through a deployment without activating the TPM in BIOS, pre-provisioning will not work.  If you review the OSDOfflineBitlocker.exe section of the smsts.log, you'll see the failure



Here's how to activate the TPM on newly shipped systems in a few simple steps:

1. In your task sequence add a new Group named Configure Security Chip after the disk partitio…